İngilizcede edatlar/ilgeçler, prepositions, at, in, on, under, above, after, without, until, of, from, ingilizce prepositions dersi konu anlatımı, prepositions cümleleri, testi, prepositions of place, prepositions of time, ingilizce yer ve zaman edat

PREPOSITIONS

about

1-hakkında, konusunda, üzerinde
about him
about the book
about atatürk

2-ötede , beride, şurada, burada
Papers lying about the flor
Couples walking about the park

3-şuraya, buraya, çevresinde
He wants to walk about the town.
He is travelling about the world.

4-yakınında, buralarda, şuralarda
Somewhere about here
He must be somewherte about the station.

above

1-yukarısında, üstünde, yukarısına
above the clouds
above my head
above the door
2-yüksek, üstünlük
A major is above a captain

 major(binbaşı)
Captain(yüzbaşı)

His rank is above mine (derece)

across
1-bir yandan öte yana,enlemesine
across the street
2-öbür yanında, karşısında, ötesinde
across the road
after

1-…den sonra, sonra, ardından

a)after breakfast
after a rest

2—arkasından

He ran after the burglers

3—karşın

after all my efforts

4—biçeminde, öykülenerek

a picture after Picasso
a painting after Dali

5—göre, uyan

a girl after my own heart

against

1—e karşın
a) against the wind
against the current
b) against us
against the law
2—e yaslanan/ değen
He was leaning against the fence. 
 Lean(yaslanmak, değmek)

along
Bir uçtan bir uca ,boyunca
along the road
along the river

 
among(st)

Aralarında, içinde

among them
among the pencils
among the other students
at
1—de, da
a) at the bus-stop
    at the airport
    at the station
b)at home
   at school
   at church
c)at noon
   at night
   at midnight
d)at the cinema
   at the theatre
   at the concert

2—e, -a
a)He glanced at my face.
(göz atmak, bakmak)

He was looking at her.

3—le,-la
At full speed
At a gallop(dörtnal)

b
efore

1—den önce
Before diner
2—önünde, karşısında, önüne, karşısına
Before the king
Before the children
Before the judge (hakim önünde)

behind

  arkasında, gerisinde,-den geri kalmış, -den geri, desteklemekte,

behind the curtain
all the workmen are behind him.                      

 

below

1-.den aşağı, aşağısında, altında

a)below the line
b)below sea level
c)She must be below 20.

 

beneath

1-altında
beneath the table

2-eteğinde ,dibinde
beneath the hills

3-yakışmaz,yaramaz
It is benaeth to cry

 
beside

1-yanında;yanına
beside me
beside the car
2—e göre ,ile karşılaştırılınca
beside last year’s  production
3-uzak,dışında
beside the point
beside the mark

besides

1-den başka,-ın dışında
besides me
besides Ahmet

beyond
1-ötesinde,gerisinde,ötesine,
  gerisine
beyond the bridge
beyond the railway line
2-den daha geç, -den sonra
beyond 11 o’clock
beyond midnight
3-sınırlarını aşan , üstünde
beyond a joke
beyond belief
4-için güç, anlaşolmaz
beyond me
It is beyond the students.

 

by

1-yanında,yakınında
; yanına,yakınına

by me
by the door
by the post Office

2-içinden,üzerinden, boyunca, -den,-dan
by the fields
by the roads
by the bridge

3-önünden, yanından, yakınından
He walked by us.
This bus passes by the university.
4-leyin, layın, sırasında,-de,-da
By day
By night
By daylight
5—e kadar,-den önce
By Friday
By tomorrow
6-ile
By plane,bus,…..
7-tarafından
It written by Yaşar Kemal
8-boyunda, eninde
A room 6 meters by 4 meters
 
down

1-aşağı doğru,aşağı,aşağısında,boyunca
We ran down the street.
during
1-süresince ,boyunca, sırasında
During the war
During the night

expect
hariç, -den başka
I go to school everyday expect Tuesday.
Everybody was present expect him.

for

1-için,-e
Did you geç ready for the exam?
2ye,-e
The train for Ankara.
3-göz önünde tutulursa,göre
She is very clever for her age.
4—e karşı
5-yüzünden
He was sent to prison for robbery.
6-den dolayı,-den
I couldn’t speak for laughing.
7-sonucu olarak, -den sonra
You will feel beter for a rest.
8-karşın
For all our hard work
9-lehine , lehinde
For the new government
Are you for or against him?
10-karşılık
11-uzaklığa
12-süresince
13-yerine
Let me carry it for you.

from

1-den,-dan
He is coming from school.
2-den beri, den başlamak üzere
I am going on a holiday
From tomorrow.
3-göre, göz önünde tutulursa
From what he told me, he has a big company in Ankara.

 

in

1-de, da
(kıtalarda, ülkelerde, eyaletlerde, kentlerde, mevsimlerde, yıllarda, aylarda,
2-içinde-de, da,-içine;e,a
in the drawer     
3-zarfında, içinde, sonra
in three days 
in  a week
in five minutes
4-giymiş ,süslenmiş,-li-lı
the  lady in pink
the  woman in the blue dress
he looks more serious in his uniform.
5-göre
in my opinion
6-kullanarak, ile
Don’t write your homework in pencil.
7-den yapılmış, -den
This dress made in silk.  
8-olarak

Electric current is measured in ampers.

 

inside  

içinde, içine
inside the house
inside the car
into

1-içine, -ye,-e
He went into the house.
He fell into the sea.
He translatedthe letter into Turkish.
2-biçimine ,durumuna
He turned the pumpkin into a carriage.
3-i bölerse
4 into 12 goes 3

like

gibi, benzer
It looks  like new.

 

near
yanında ,yanına
of

1—in, ın
Fatma is the oldest member of the family.
2-ile ilgili
history of man
3-den yapılmış, -den
A shirtof silk

4-ye duyulan,-e karşı
love of music
she has a great fear of sea.
5—den oluşan
a roll of paper
a crowd of young man
6-içeren
a box of matches
7-li, lı
a man of means
an artist of many talents

off

1-den
Take  your boks off the table
The glass fell off the shelf.
2—den uzağa,-uzağa
She parked the car off the road
3-açıkta ,açıklarında
Off the coast
An island off Agean Coast
 

on       

1-üstünde
2-de,-da
3-dığında
on reaching  home
on arrival at the airport
4-ile ilgili, üzerine
a lecture on Modern English Poetry
5-arasında, içinde, üyesi
He is on the comitee.
He is on the teaching staff 
(kadro)
6-ile
Babies are brought  up on milk.          
7-bir biçimde
I bought the television on the cheap.
8-hesabına
This lunch is on me.
Have drink on me.

 

over
1-üzerinde,üstünde
clouds over  our heads
the light over the bed
2-üzerine ,üstüne
He wore the sweater over his shirt.
3-öbür tarafında,ötesinde
Lands over the sea
a house over the street
4-öbür tarafın ,ötesine ,üzerinden
He jumped over the wall.
5-den çok
She is over fifteen.
6-baştan başa ,her yerine
He has traveled over the world.
7-in sonuna dek
Over Monday

 

through
1-den geçerek ,içinden,arasından
He climbed through the window.
2-sayesiyle,aracılğıyla
He got the job through a relation of him.
3-den dolayı ,yüzünden
He broke the wase through carelessness.
4-başından sonuna dek ,süresince
All through the year

throughout
1-her yerinde;her yerine
Troughout the country
2-süresince ,boyunca
Troughout his life

till
-e değin ,-e dek
I watch TV till 11 o’clock.
He worked his thesis from morning till night.

to
1-e , -a
He went to Ankara.
He walked to the station.
I sent aletter  to him.
The train to ankarais at platform 4.
Did you tell it  to him?
Face to face
Back to back
Cheek to cheek
2-e kadar
He counted to 50.
We didn’t stay to the end of  the concer.
3-e karşı
He has always been kind to me.
She is not very friendly to strangers.
4-eşliğinde, birlikte

I love dancing to the slow music.
We all sang to the guitar.
5-e göre ,-e uygun
It is just to my taste.
6-şerefine

Let’s drink to the happy couple.
We drank to our success.
7-kala ,var

It is ten to ten.
How long is it to Marmaris?
8-e göre, -e
To me your plan won’t work in practices.

toward(s)
1-e doğru, yönünde

He walked towards the door.
He was running towards the exit.
2-e doğru, sularında

We arrived there towards evening.
It was somewhere towards 7 when he left.

under

1-altında
2-altına
The book fell under the table.
3-den daha az
A salary under 50.000
4-yöneticiliği-komutası altında
How many workers have you got under you?
5-yanında
He is working under a famous surgen.
6..edilmekte
The road is under repair.
7-karşısında, içinde, yüzünden
She is under great stres.
8-ile ekili
The fields under corn.

underneath
 
altına ,altında
until

-e kadar, -e değin

 

up
yukarısına, yukarsında

with

1-ile
2-aracılığıyla, yardımıyla
3-e, -la
4-li, -la
A man with a black t-shirt.
A woman with a black umbrella.
5-yanında ,üzerinde
I haven’t got any money with me.
6-karşın
With all his gap he couldn’t persuade him.

 
within

içinde
within the fields
within two hours
within a week
within a mile

without

1-siz, -sız
2-meksizin, -meden
You mustn’t go out without an umbrella

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